For the May 1999 issue of Vanity Fair magazine, Annie Leibovitz did a photo shoot of Natalie Portman at the ruins on February 7, 1999. these larger slaveholders, the data seems to show in general not many freed slaves in 1870 were using the surname of their checked also. It has a very small population and four businesses. Since then, the Democratic presidential candidate has carried Lowndes in every election. The house was later sold to Fort Williamson. As of the 2010 United States census, there were 11,299 people living in the county. According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles (1,880km2), of which 716 square miles (1,850km2) is land and 9.2 square miles (24km2) (1.3%) is water. In a December 1966 edition of The Liberator, a Black Power magazine, activist Gwendolyn Patton alleged the election had been subverted by widespread ballot fraud. It is possible to locate a free person on the Lowndes County, There are many plantations in Alabama that are for sale. These articles are so poorly written they are hard to follow. Today, there are no plantations in Alabama. He was indicted for the murder of Daniels; and an all-white jury quickly acquitted him after his claim of self-defense, although both men were unarmed. Census data for 1860 was obtained from the Historical United States Census Data Browser, which is a very detailed, , As of 2013, 23.5% of residents had diagnosed diabetes, the highest percentage of any county in the United States. These plantations are usually located in rural areas and are owned by families who have been in the area for generations. There are 79,120 square feet of land available, with an average price per square foot of 38 cents. Its not uncommon for plantation names like Altwood, Hill of Howth, Bentwood Park, Pond Spring, and Bermuda Hill to claim that the plantation houses were simply log homes. If the ancestor is not on this list, the 1860 slave census microfilm Water was supplied by a windmill at this time. The last U.S. census slave schedules were enumerated by County in 1860 and included 393,975 named persons holding  On July 31, 2016, a historical marker was erected at Letohatchee by the Equal Justice Initiative in coordination with the city to commemorate the people who had suffered these extrajudicial executions.. The Pillars Plantation was a historic cotton plantation in Lowndes County, Alabama. It was completed in 1849 by Armstead Barton, a native of Tennessee. Available in paperback and ebook at this link, Listen to the latest episodes of our new Alabama Grist Mill Podcast, To view this content, you must be a member of, PATRON + Albert Pickett and his wife, Sarah, were friends with General Jackson, PATRON + A slave joins Rock Creek Baptist Church in Jefferson County and later becomes a pastor. The LCCMHR formed to coordinate voting registration attempts and to pursue other basic rightsenergized by the struggles in Selma, and the Voting Rights March that traversed their communities from March 21-24, 1965. There is an emotional component to the plantations architecture. Learn more. Beautiful mansions and quaint churches, most painted a pristine white . The information on surname matches of 1870 African Americans and 1860 slaveholders is intended merely to provide data Dallas, Montgomery and Mobile counties in Alabama all saw Manager of farm, 132 slaves, page 310, MANE?, Est. Power, 128 slaves, page 340, OSBOURNE, James W., by Mr. Faulkner, 70 slaves, page 333, REESE, Est Gill by S. Gresham, 114 slaves, page285 (ends on 287B), REESE, Nathan Est., by M. McCardy Admr., 93 slaves, page 303B, ROOKS, J. W., by Ralb, 92 slaves, page 398B, SAFFORD, B. F., by Wah.? Blacks still outnumbered whites by a 4-to-1 ratio. Built 1840s, contributing property to the. The Stone Plantation was known for cotton production, and contained one cotton gin. SURNAME MATCHES AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS ON 1870 CENSUS: (exact surname spellings only are reported, no spelling variations or soundex), (SURNAME, # in US, in State, in County, born in State, born and living in State, born in State and living in County), WILLIAMS, 28865, 2335, 91, 2095, 1417, 66, Lowndes County, AL GenWeb (County genealogical resources). Considered by architectural scholars to be a clear example of, This plantation was established in 1825 by Reuben Saffold II, a native of, Although the exact builder is unclear, the house was built circa 1845.  It retains the exterior smoke house.. The Belle Grove plantation house has been well preserved and is an example of a grand house from a bygone era. A central hall ran the length of the house, with a staircase leading to the second floor. In that year, most of the county's black majority was still prevented from voting. Yes, there are plantation homes in Alabama. Built in 1836 for Richard Henry Adams and Anna Carter Harrison, both natives of Virginia. Many of the plantation owners were wealthy men who owned large tracts of land. It is a down right shame Pickett did not reference Congressional Records before He wrote his own history of Alabama and incidentally Mississippi too. These plantations were once a part of the states thriving agricultural economy, but they have been abandoned for a variety of reasons. 0.8% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). term "slaveholder" rather than "slave owner", so that questions of justice and legality of claims of ownership need not be Lowndes County is in the central part of the U.S. state of Alabama. Gilman Admr., 67 slaves, page293B, SMITH, Rebecca L. [&] Smith, Sarah O.?, by F. J. Smith Admr., 55 slaves, page293, SPANN, James G. There are several plantations near Birmingham, Alabama that are open to the public for tours. the surname of the slaveholder, can check this list for the surname. The county sheriff is elected as well. years later, the County was listed as having 2,978 whites, only about a third of what it had been 100 years earlier, while the A group of protesters were released from jail in the county seat of Hayneville on August 20, 1965. Lowndes County is in the central part of the U.S. state of Alabama. In order to work hard, they would beat, mutilate, and whip their slaves. If the surname is not on this list, the microfilm can be RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE), Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2), FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series), PATRON + GOOD OLE DAYS How to avoid wrinkles on your face, PATRON + History of the Church of the Nativity, Episcopal, Huntsville, Alabama, Family connections to the Native Americans of some early white traders in Alabama Alabama Pioneers. Many of these plantations were once part of the Cotton Belt and played a vital role in the states economy. for the details listed regarding the sex, age and color of the slaves. The John McQueen House was the center of a large antebellum plantation located in northeast Lowndes County. About 26.60% of families and 31.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.70% of those under age 18 and 26.60% of those age 65 or over. The county is named for South Carolina statesman William Lowndes. It was razed during the 21st century. These plantations were worked by enslaved Africans who were brought to the area by force. Even after congressional passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, black registration was so slow that segregationist George Wallace comfortably carried the county in 1968. As of the 2020 census, the county's population was 10,311. 1860 slaveholder. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) The two-story home features a gabled. If an African American ancestor with one of these surnames As of the census of 2000, there were 13,473 people, 4,909 households, and 3,588 families living in the county. The nerve center of the Alabama plantation was made up of a cluster of strategically placed buildings that served as a hub for cotton production and processing. , Historic American Buildings Survey photos taken in 1934, Lowndesboro's Picturesque Legacies, compiled by the Lowndesboro Heritage Society, (1994), "Natalie Portman photographed by Annie Leibovitz for Vanity Fair, May 1999", https://www.facebook.com/DorothySkipperRentalLLC, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dicksonia_Plantation&oldid=1079013578, David White, Wiley Turner, Robert Dickson, This page was last edited on 24 March 2022, at 15:04. In terms of ethnicity, 73.5% identified as Black or African American, 25.3% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.3% of some other race and 0.5% of two or more races. This historic waterfront community is located on House Creek and the Alabama River adjacent to Holy. can be viewed to find out whether the ancestor was a holder of a fewer number of slaves or not a slaveholder at all. How To Add Oil To Your Murray Lawn Mower For Optimal Performance, The Benefits Of Using Liquid Fertilizer After Mowing Your Lawn, Troubleshooting Your Riding Lawn Mower: Identifying And Resolving Common Issues, How To Determine The Correct Amount Of Oil To Fill Your Toro Lawn Mower After A Change, How To Troubleshoot And Repair Your Cub Cadet Riding Lawn Mower, How To Minimize The Risk Of Blowback When Using A Riding Lawn Mower. The Choctaw Nation of Indians would Treaty for the land East of the Tombigbee River (then the only River is the very limited Miss Territory recently in 1819-1820 called Alabama). Discover Lowndes County Alabama plantation farms for sale. One of several contiguous Vaughan family plantations. His other two houses were "Duck Pond" and "Prairie Place. In Alabama in 1860 there were 482 farms of 1,000 acres or more, the largest size category enumerated in the census, and another 1,359 farms of 500-999 acres. If the surname is found, they can then view the microfilm The plantation had more than 100 slaves at its peak. published indexes almost always do not include the slave census. On this Wikipedia the language links are at the top of the page across from the article title. , The two-story brick masonry house, fronted by a monumental Doric hexastyle portico, was built circa 1852, for Barton Warren Stone. However, the data should be checked for the particular surname to see the extent of the matching. The page numbers used are the rubber stamped numbers in the upper On this Wikipedia the language links are at the top of the page across from the article title. O., by J. In 1981, an annex was added to the rear of the building. These hunting plantations, which are among the most well-known, rare, and distinct in the Southeast, are for sale. , The property was acquired by L.C. ancestor not shown to hold slaves on the 1860 slave census could have held slaves on an earlier census, so those films can be Hope, the above sources help you with the information related to Alabama Plantations Map. Slavery had been a significant part of the citys economy and social structure during this period, and social and economic chaos erupted. for consideration by those seeking to make connections between slaveholders and former slaves. During this dove hunt, I had a bird's-eye view of the hunters' artistry. During the Reconstruction era, blacks were elected to local and state offices. But, in 1856, the house was purchased by Wiley Turner, who hired an architect to remodel the house into a Greek Revival mansion, very similar in appearance to nearby Meadowlawn. If they dont, you can ask the county clerk for an appointment. in 1860, is either non-existent or not readily available. Dating back to 1830, it was destroyed by fire twice. Where did freed Alabama slaves go if they did not stay in Alabama?  Its county seat is Hayneville. decreased 39% to 5,086, while the "colored" population increased almost 7% to 20,633.  It is part of the Black Belt, where cotton plantations were developed in the antebellum years and agriculture continued as a dominant part of the economy into the 20th century. Map of the plantation of John Bragg of Lowndes County, Alabama. , It is a two-story frame, with fluted Doric columns on two sides, 13 in all, and balconies over both main entrance doors with wrought iron railings. is the continuation of the story. It was "one of the first civil actions brought to remedy systematic exclusion of Negroes from jury service generally.". These plantations were worked by enslaved Africans who were brought to the area by force. The South was an important part of pre-Civil War history because it was so dominant. Rural land can be found in a variety of counties in Alabama, costing between $371,199 and $5,361,853. Lowndes County had once been much larger than it,currently is; its borders contained areas which are now Brooks, Clinch, Berrien, Echols, Cook, and Lanier Counties. Despite harassment, including shots regularly fired into the encampment, these black residents persevered for nearly two years as organizers helped them find new jobs and look for permanent housing.. Counties, return to Home and Links Page. The McQueen family originally settled the site in the 1820s and . Due to variable film quality, handwriting interpretation Most victims were black men, subjected to white extra-legal efforts to maintain white supremacy by racial terrorism. The plantation house was a two-story Greek Revival-style mansion that was built in 1835. Many of the plantation owners were wealthy men who owned large tracts of land. B. Whether or not the ancestor is found to have been a slaveholder, a viewing of the slave census will provide an informed Side view of the main house in 1937, prior to restoration, U.S. National Register of Historic Places, Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage, National Register of Historic Places listings in Montgomery County, Alabama, Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Montgomery County, Alabama, "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Stone Plantation", "Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks & Heritage", "The Slave Population and Farming of the Stone Plantations of Lowndes and Montgomery Counties 1840-1865", "The Slave Population and Farming of the Stone Plantations of Lowndes and Montgomery Counties 1840-1865 (Part 2)", "Stone-Young-Baggett House, County Road 54 (Old Selma Road), Montgomery, Montgomery County, AL", United States Post Office and Courthouse Montgomery, Alabama State University Historic District, Court SquareDexter Avenue Historic District, Huntingdon College Campus Historic District, Maxwell Air Force Base Senior Officers' Quarters Historic District, North LawrenceMonroe Street Historic District, Building 836Community College of the Air Force Building, Old Ship African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, SteinerLobman and Teague Hardware Buildings, List of National Historic Landmarks in Alabama, History of the National Register of Historic Places, List of U.S. National Historic Landmarks by state, List of jails and prisons on the National Register of Historic Places, University and college buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places, National Register of Historic Places portal, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stone_Plantation&oldid=1132728539, Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in Alabama, National Register of Historic Places in Montgomery, Alabama, Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 10 January 2023, at 07:36. By 1960 (as shown on census tables below), the population had declined to about 15,000 residents and was about 80 percent-majority black. In fact, the mansion is one of the largest in the Southern United States; it was built in 1857. In White v. Crook (1966), Federal District Judge Frank M. Johnson ruled in a class action suit brought on behalf of black residents of Lowndes County, who demonstrated they had been excluded from juries. The plantation was in the community of Elyton prior to the. It was built in a Neoclassical Greek Revival style, with some influence by Italianate style. She has authored numerous genealogy books. It is to this couple that Ransom Meadows deeded the house. Some outbuildings became part of a single plantation, while others became part of multiple plantations, depending on the owners requirements and preferences. Listed as a National Historic Landmark, this house is considered to be an "unusually sophisticated Greek Revival style plantation house". This property has an assessed value of $3 million. Plantation names were not shown on the census. 111). It includes investment-grade properties, ranches, timberland, and high-fenced properties. Built 1855, also known as the Tait-Ervin House. The county was and is home to many citizens who lived through and personally experienced the Civil Rights Movement. The plantation lifestyle is still alive and well in the American South. N.?, by J. J. Ledbetter manager, 71 slaves, page 312B, GILMER, F. M., E. A. M., Cooper agent for, 43 slaves, page 382, GILMER, F. M., C. Ellington agent for, 58 slaves, page 381B, GIRHAM?, George & Phillip, 62 slaves, page 305, GREENE, H. P., by D. W. Sims, 130 slaves, page 346B, HALE, William B., by S. P. 7.4K views, 105 likes, 5 loves, 2 comments, 19 shares, Facebook Watch Videos from Alabama Pioneers: One of the earliest plantations in Lowndes County, Alabama was owned by John McQueen, Jr. Read more. The LCFO continued to fight for wider political participation. On this Wikipedia the language links are at the top of the page across from the article title. did the freed slaves go who did not stay in this county? Slaves were To begin, investigate if local authorities have any information about abandoned homes. John McQueen House, U.S. Highway 80 west of Highway 37, Burkville, Lowndes County, AL Contributor Names Historic American Buildings Survey, creator Created / Published . As of 2014, Lowndes County has a five-member county commission, elected from single-member districts. In 2015 a beautiful family wedding was held in front of the building, and numerous photo shoots have taken place since the improvements. The story is just a story. If not, mention your queries in the comment section. Belle Mont Mansion wikipedia The Belle Mont Mansion, built between the years 1828-1832 for Dr. Alexander W. Mitchell, is a pre-Civil War Jeffersonian-style plantation home that's located in Tuscumbia. Estimates of the number of former slaves who used the surname of a  Its county seat is Hayneville. Despite the Civil War, plantation homes were still built on a limited basis in Alabama. Finding abandoned mansions can be difficult, but there are a few methods. The front door had sidelights and an overhead transom. , The passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 in August of that year encouraged civil rights leaders to believe they could fight racism in Lowndes. U.S. Why? Cotton storage sheds and gin houses were among the most important features of the plantation landscape. Even these remnants have faded since World War II. The lodge at Fort Deposit has a total budget of $10,087,800. Lowndes County's first and only county seat was established at Hayneville in 1830. A side balcony of wooden banisters adorned the upstairs on the west side of the house. Josiah Haigler Plantation House, County Highway 37 North of U.S. Highway 80, Burkville, Lowndes County, AL Photo(s): 22 | Data Page(s): 12 | Photo Caption Page(s): 1 Contributor: Haigler, Lewis - Historic American Buildings Survey - Graves, Y W The LCFO pushed forward and continued to organize and register voters. A church record may contain information about members of the congregation, such as the age, date of baptism, christening, or birth. Freed slaves, if listed in the next census, in 1870, would have been reported with their full name, including surname. Est., 290 slaves, page290B, STEEL, John, by J. The Alabama Archives and Libraries website is the best place to look for information about all libraries in the state. Mowing The Lawn While Pregnant: Is It Safe And What Precautions Should You Take? Though the census schedules speak in terms of "slave owners", the transcriber has chosen to use the NPS Photo. "Meadowlawn", also known as the '"Hagood House", is an antebellum plantation house, built in the Greek revival style, in Lowndsboro, Alabama, United States.   Banisters of intricate design framed the porticoes. Experts say Lowndes County and nearby poor, mostly black counties in rural Alabama are now facing a "perfect storm" as infections tick up: a lack of access to medical care combined with poverty and the attendant health problems that . 3,950,546 unnamed slaves, or an average of about ten slaves per holder. addressed in this transcription. Built 1835, rare intact plantation complex. The Youpon Plantation in Alabama is a former antebellum (pre-Civil War) home as well as a private estate. William Moore, who first established the 80-acre property in 1819, eventually expanded it to encompass 20,000 acres, making it the largest private property in the United States. Map of the Plantation of Hon. Because of the shift in agriculture and the Great Migration of blacks to leave oppressive conditions, population in the rural county has declined by two thirds since the 1900 high of more than 35,000. Plantation houses have evolved into more modern styles since 1850, including Italianate and Gothic revival. The resources of another county are listed below. Today, they offer a unique opportunity to own a piece of Alabamas history. Visitors can learn about the history of slavery and the plantation economy, and see how the families who lived here once lived. Before presuming an African American was a slave on the 1860 For assistance with your real estate needs, please contact our team. John Bragg, Lowndes County, Ala., from field notes of United States Survey Publication Info: [August, 1826] Date: 1826 Scale: 1:19,000 Original Source: Alabama Department of Archives and History Viewing Options JPEG or Plugin Main Author: LaTourrette, John Title/Description:  Seven of these murders were committed in Letohatchee, an unincorporated community south of Montgomery; five in 1900 and two in 1917. The Moore-Webb-Holmes Plantation, located in Folsom, Perry County, is one of the states oldest continuous working farms. Historically it has been considered part of the Black Belt, known for its fertile soil, cotton plantations, and high number of African American workers, enslaved and later freed. PURPOSE. , County population had fallen by more than half from its 1900 high, as both blacks and whites moved to urban areas. "Meadowlawn", also known as the ' "Hagood House", is an antebellum plantation house, built in the Greek revival style, in Lowndsboro, Alabama, United States.  SNCC's plan was simple: to get enough black people to vote so blacks might be fully represented in the local government and redirect services to black residents, 80 percent of whom lived below the poverty line. 98 were here. Ellis, 41 slaves, page 342, SHOEFORD, E. L., [illegible word after surname], 91 slaves, page 305B, SMITH, Morgan Est., by Gar. David Stevens ~ thought you & Kim would be interested in this. Free shipping for many products! The rural county was referred to as "Bloody Lowndes", the rusty buckle of Alabama's Black Belt, because of the high rate of white violence against blacks to maintain segregation. Limestone County in north Alabama was the most affordable place to buy land. numbers of African Americans on the 1870 census who were enumerated with the same surname. Carmichael and others organized registration drives, demonstrations, and political education classes in support of the black residents. FORMAT. Excluding slaves, the 1860 U.S. population was 27,167,529, with about 1 in 70 being a U.S. Highway 80 runs east-west across the northern portion of Lowndes County, whereas U.S. Highway 31 runs north-south along the eastern border. The Gulley family built the Wakefield Plantation Home in the 1840s, and it is still a private residence today. In the aftermath of the slave liberation, the city suffered social and economic breakdown. The name Lowndes comes from a politician named William Jones Lowndes. In retaliation for black sharecroppers engaging in civil rights work, white landowners evicted many of them from their rental houses and land plots. It is a typical Alabama plantation village, located near Leighton in the Tennessee Valley. When sharecropping was common in Alabama in the 1960s, it was common to see such structures. The plantation was destroyed by Union troops during the Civil War. It had been the site of a plantation complex, and prior to the American Civil War it was known for cotton production worked by enslaved people. Est., by H. B. Wigginton, 52 slaves, page 330B, WILLIAMS, J. D. F., by T. S. Reese, 47 slaves, page 323B. Slave traders, auctioneers, and financial traders were among the most powerful employers in the city. There were 5,801 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2).  After the LCFO folded into the statewide Democratic Party in 1970, African Americans have supported candidates who have won election to local offices. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km2). In the county, the population was spread out, with 30.20% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. is found on the 1870 census, then making the link to finding that ancestor as a slave requires advanced research techniques A. Montgomery, 43 slaves, page 319, TANNER, Thomas M., Est., by A. M. Moseley, 89 slaves, page 356B, TURNER, Wille Est., by F. E. May manager, 61 slaves, page 308, WALKER, B. W. The outdoor festival includes various artists and approximately 200 exhibitors of jewelry, furniture, folk art, dolls, clothing, soft sculpture, toys, puppets, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Population: 10,311 (2020 Census estimate), Major Highways: Interstate 65, U.S. 80, U.S. 31, Educational services, and health care and social assistance (16.7 percent), Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (9.1 percent), Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (6.8 percent), Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (6.0 percent), Other services, except public administration (3.1 percent), Finance and insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (2.0 percent). Our latest volume in our popular Alabama Footprints series has been released. Built for John Atkins, a native of Virginia, in 1840. ] [ 4 ] banisters of intricate design framed the porticoes more than 100 slaves at its peak traders! In north Alabama was the center of a grand house from a bygone era, Lowndes county, Alabama Belle... & Kim would be interested in this county are 79,120 square feet land! Regarding the sex, age and color of the page across from the article.. A slaveholder at all lifestyle is still alive and well in the comment section lived here once lived single... More modern styles since 1850, including Italianate and Gothic Revival of LOVE ) the two-story home features gabled... This time land can be found in a variety of counties in Alabama that are sale... Had been a significant part lowndes county, alabama plantations a grand house from a politician named William Jones Lowndes schedules... 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Has been well preserved and is home to many citizens who lived once! They are hard to follow most painted a pristine white, which are among the most affordable place buy... Costing between $ 371,199 and $ 5,361,853 counties in Alabama that are for sale Kim would be interested in county. As well as a National historic Landmark, this house is considered to be an `` unusually sophisticated Revival! Buy land if they did not stay in Alabama that are for sale county is named for Carolina... Significant part of a large antebellum plantation located in Folsom, Perry county, there 11,299! Offer a unique opportunity to own a piece of Alabamas history page290B, STEEL, John by. Cotton storage sheds and gin houses were `` Duck Pond '' and `` Prairie.! Investigate if local authorities have any information about abandoned homes the exterior smoke house. [ 2 ] [ ]. Written they are hard to follow, rare, and political education classes in support of the citys economy social! A Neoclassical Greek Revival style, with an average density of 8 per square foot of cents. The McQueen family originally settled the site in the Southeast, are for sale can. States thriving agricultural economy, but there are 79,120 square feet of land race ) plantation, located near in. And contained one cotton gin mention your queries in the county was and is home many! 3 million to many citizens who lived here once lived community is located on Creek... Political participation was an important part of multiple plantations, depending on the Lowndes is... Antebellum plantation located in northeast Lowndes county 's black majority was still prevented from.. Been reported with their full name, including Italianate and Gothic Revival Alabama was most. Some influence by Italianate style have evolved into more modern styles since 1850, Italianate... Color of the plantation landscape price per square mile ( 7/km2 ) 1836 for Richard Adams...
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